For me the name Narcissa suggested Narcissus. The Graveyard by the Sea, poem by Paul Valéry, written in French as “Le Cimetière marin” and published in 1922 in the collection Charmes; ou poèmes.The poem, set in the cemetery at Sète (where Valéry himself is now buried), is a meditation on death. Valéry himself wrote in his Notebooks that “Lust and Faust are me—and nothing but me. Voir ici une anthologie des poèmes de la langue française. Collected Works of Paul Valery, Volume 10: History and Politics. à prix bas sur Rakuten. Au Bois Dormant. But in how different a situation is the poet! Paul Valéry. Her father is supposed to have buried her, on a moonlit night. Teste might be thought of as a precursor of the figure Faust, but without the opposing figure of Lust. This “dictation of memoirs” appears to represent Valéry’s own intellectual narcissism, the self-directed literary activity of the Notebooks; Lust with her other-directed emotion seems to symbolize poetry that is meant to be read. Valéry passed on an important legacy of influence in American letters, perhaps much greater than his influence on later French poets. In the highly formal, mannered musicality of Valéry’s verse, the influence of Mallarmé is unmistakable. In an early letter to André Gide, Valéry wrote, “Poe, and I shouldn’t talk about it for I promised myself I wouldn’t, is the only writer—with no sins. In Margins of Philosophy Jacques Derrida has discussed Valéry’s aversion to Freud: “We will not ask what the meaning of this resistance is before pointing out that what Valéry intends to resist is meaning itself. His father, Barthelmy Valéry, was a customs officer at the sea port of Sète, and his mother, Fanny Grassi, who was the daughter of an Italian consul and a descended from Venetian nobility. UCLA Library. Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry was a French poet, essayist, and philosopher. Yet although Mallarmé believed that the end product of thought had to be a poem, Valéry disagreed. Tidying up a little: Derrida sees Valéry’s formalism as both reflection and instrument of his “repression” of meaning, and indeed, Valéry’s rigid adherence to classical prosody is another trait that sets him very much apart from other 20th-century French poets. Paul Valéry. Retrouvez toutes les phrases célèbres de Paul Valéry parmi une sélection de + de 100 000 citations célèbres provenant d'ouvrages, d'interviews ou de discours. 14, "Analects," ed. Texte et poèmes de Paul Valéry. French poet and critic Paul Valéry was born in the small western Mediterranean village of Sète, France in 1871. La meilleure citation de Paul Valéry préférée des internautes. Insinuant - le Vin perdu - l'Abeille - trois poèmes de Paul Valéry par Louis Latourre Yves Bonnefoy, who held Valéry’s chair in poetry at the College de France and succeeded him as the most prominent contemporary French poet, has said in L’Improbable that Valéry had no real influence on his own poetic development. As long as the audience for a text was kept in mind, Valéry wrote in his Notebooks, “there are always reserves in one’s thoughts, a hidden intention in which is to be found a whole stock of charlatanism. “Narcissus Speaks” was immediately celebrated by the Paris literary establishment and selected by Adolphe Van Bever and Paul Leautaud for their important anthology Poets of Today (Poetes d’aujourd’hui). Paul Valéry (1871-1945), French poet, essayist. notes sur la grandeur et decadence de l/europe, p. 931 - Paul Valéry La supériorité comme cause de l'impuissance : être incapable d'une sottise qui peut être avantageuse. Whom shall I kill? I was delighted by a few that I didn’t know; some of them are much less good—that is, in comparison with others of your own. One of his last works, a two-part dramatic work called “My Faust” (“Mon Faust”), attempted to deal with the issue and was never completed. Si je regarde tout à coup n’a véri subir cette parole intérieure sans éphémères ; et cette infinité d’en facilité, qui se transforment l’un elles. Immediately, however, Faust retreats, and the apotheosis of the garden-scene comes to an end as he turns again to the dictation of his memoirs.”  Speak then, with no fear of stating every lamentable word.” [Gide to Valéry, July 25, 1892] “Here is what he said about your poems—and don’t have me poisoned: ‘I’m surprised that with the tact and knowledge of poetry he sometimes shows, he leaves, here and there, some that would seem to me facile.’ The remark surprised me. Œuvres ii, paul valery, édition gallimard, coll. Science means simply the aggregate of all the recipes that are always successful. Examples of this are the sonnet ‘Cesar’ ... and the references in the Cahiers to the Emperor Tiberius, to Napoleon, and to Caesar. As Whiting explains, “Valéry planned a fourth act for ‘Lust’ which would have developed the love theme but he found the project too difficult for theatrical creation, perhaps in large part because of his own defensive attitudes. Valéry’s Notebooks (Cahiers) record his conviction that the subject of a poem was far less important than its “program”: “A sort of program would consist of a gathering of words (among which conjunctives are just as important as substantives) and of types of syntactical moments, and above all a table of verbal tonalities, etc.” Mallarmé had said something very similar in “Music and Letters” (“La Musique et les lettres”): “I assert, at my own aesthetic risk ... that Music and Letters are the alternate face here widened towards the obscure; scintillating there, with certainty of a phenomenon, the only one, I have named it Idea.”  Poems are the property of their respective owners. For the musician, before he has begun his work, all is in readiness so that the operation of his creative spirit may find, right from the start, the appropriate matter and means, without any possibility of error. 2 mil compartilhamentos. The artist works out his own formulas; the interest of science lies in the art of making science. Science is feasible when the variables are few and can be enumerated; when their combinations are distinct and clear. His recurrent, even obsessive, denigration of Pascal may reflect Valéry’s fear that his own distinction between science and metaphysics, rationalism and mysticism, might not hold up, that in fact—as is so evident in Valéry’s own “scientific” musings—there might be some mutual contamination of the categories. One might say that he projected the visionary aspect, usually recognized in Poe, onto Pascal, while making Rene Descartes, Pascal’s contemporary, a figure of what he admired in Poe, a logician and scientist. Paul Valéry. This fear probably accounts more than any other factor for his emotional crisis and 20-year renunciation of poetry, since poetry, despite his attempts to purify or sterilize it, emblemized for Valéry a certain sensuality of mind. Although Mallarmé and French poet Charles Baudelaire had celebrated the visionary qualities in Poe, Valéry most fully admired his powers of reason, as revealed through Poe’s pseudo-scientific meditation on the nature of human knowledge, “Eureka,” and through his brilliant practical logician, Auguste Dupin, the detective of “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” and “The Purloined Letter.” “Valéry’s unyielding positivism (rationalism) is thus another characteristic setting him apart from other French writers. Paul Valéry. Valéry was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 12 different years. Paul Valéry $20.33. It contained the essay on Leonardo first published in 1895, the important article on Poe’s “Eureka,” and “Variations on a Thought” (“Variations sur une pensee”), in which he attacked Pascal as a thinker. Ode secrète. On the other hand, he is understood as having broken away from symbolism, as having rejected the cult of poetry for its own sake in favor of a cult of the mind. A cahier written late in 1898 contains the following multilingual slogans: ‘Le Cesar de soi-meme / El Cesar de sumismo / Il Cesare di se stesso / The Cesar (sic) of himself.’” Furthermore, Valéry was also friendly with Marshal Philippe Petain, one of the leaders of France’s pro-German Vichy government. Fabien Vasseur commente La Jeune Parque, Poésies, Foliothèque, Gallimard, 2006. I keep what I want.’”. This girl, who died in Montpellier toward the end of the eighteenth century, couldn’t be buried in the cemetery, since she was a Protestant. Le cimetière marin | Poème de Paul Valéry. Out of Stock. All information has been reproduced here for educational and informational purposes to benefit site visitors, and is provided at no charge... Paul Valéry, French poet, essayist, and critic was born in Sète, France in 1871. Social. During a stormy and sleepless night, he decided that poetry was not the loftiest and purest expression of the mind’s activity. Poème Le Cimetière marin. I wrote at the time the very first Narcissus, an irregular sonnet ... ”  Trying to think of it one finds that all beginning is a consequence—every beginning completes something.”  Un grand calme m’écoute, où j’écoute l’espoir. Liste des citations de Paul Valéry sur amour classées par thématique. Los pasos. However, the American poet Allen Tate, a well-known member of the Southern Agrarian movement that flourished particularly during the 1920s and 1930s, has recorded in his Memoirs and Opinions, 1926-1974 that “Here, in [Valéry’s] ‘Pages Inedites’ [‘Unpublished Pages’], was a man educated in the French classical tradition and fired imaginatively by his early entretiens with Mallarmé: whose apparently casual utterances gave me something more than the shock of recognition. … En 1917, sous l’influence de Gide notamment, il revient à la poésie avec La Jeune Parque, publiée chez Gallimard. Valéry would publish four more volumes of Variety in his lifetime. This potentially self-constitutive dimension of the Album was certainly for Valéry its ultimate justification ... [Its somewhat dated tone is] the result of his intention to mount a critical engagement with his heritage, to offer a portrait gallery of predecessors whose faces emerge transfigured and transvalued according to the exigencies of a new poetics.” Thus, Nash continues, “The Album de vers anciens ... is a particularly precious and innovative poetic document, one which holds, inscribed within its structure, the poet’s interpretation of his creative confrontation with his past. From this point until the end of his life, Valéry was known as the French poet. Lunatic researches are akin to unforeseen discoveries. Moralités (1932). As he put it in his Notebooks, “In sum, Mallarmé and I, this in common—poem is problem. Lista completa de versos y poemas de Paul Valéry. O frères ! Poesía. repr. Regards sur le monde actuel. According to Derrida, Valéry rejected psychoanalysis and metaphysics because they focused upon meaning, and for Valéry meaning was associated with the elevation of the physical, the sensual, over the formal properties of ‘pure’ intellect. (Author of introduction) Martin Huerlimann, photographer. Los pasos ( otra versión) . What he reproaches psychoanalysis for is not that it interprets in such or such a fashion, but quite simply that it interprets at all, that it is an interpretation, that it is interested above all in signification, in meaning, and in some principal unity—here, a sexual unity—of meaning.”  Valéry in fact went so far as to donate money to aid the widow of Colonel Henry, who in 1898 killed himself when it became known that he had forged the documents used to incriminate Dreyfus. He was never mistaken. Hélène. In 1892, Valéry completed work on his law degree and embarked upon an unrequited and, by his own admission, “ludicrous” love affair. It represents a kind of chronicle in which the older poet seeks to recreate the intellectual crisis which led him to reject a nineteenth-century concept of poetry founded on an ethics of Symbolist idealism in favor of a poetry which claims autonomy through critical self-reference.” His family moved to Paris in 1851, where he was enrolled in the lycée. Experience has shown me that what I wanted most is not to be found in another—and cannot find the other capable of trying without reserve to go to the end of the will to ... take love where it has never been.” Neither the period of relative silence from 1892 to 1912 nor the resumption of a poetic vocation resolved this crisis, the dilemma of all Valéry’s life and work: he was never able to bring himself to embrace Lust, though at the end of his life he admitted that she was as integral to him as was the austere, argumentative, and intellectually prudish Faust. The remains that had been found were identified as hers. De sa grâce redoutable Voilant à peine l’éclat, Un ange met sur ma table Le pain tendre, le lait plat; Il me fait de la paupière Le signe d’une prière Qui parle à ma vision: -Calme, calme, reste calme! “There is evidence,” writes Henry Grubbs in Paul Valéry, “to show that Valéry was annoyed at the propaganda of his liberal friends ... and personally, at least at that moment, decidedly hostile to democracy. O número dos nossos inimigos varia na proporção do crescimento da nossa importância. In 1925, he was elected to the French Academy, and in his 1927 inaugural speech he made the unprecedented gesture of attacking his predecessor, novelist Anatole France, probably because France, as co-editor of a literary magazine, had rejected the poetry of Mallarmé. Idee fixe. In 1922, Édouard Lebey, Valéry’s employer at the French Press Association, died, and the necessity of finding a new source of income further confirmed his revived sense of a literary—a publicly literary—vocation. Valéry’s passion for “scientific speculation,” which is how he preferred to label his metaphysical writing and that of others, was the reason for his lifelong fascination with American writer Edgar Allan Poe. Adicionar à coleção. His preoccupation with the intellectual superman had led him to a great interest in the man wielding extreme power, the dictator, the tyrant. Tous les poèmes et textes par ordre alphabétique. Valéry’s crisis occurred during an October, 1892 stay in Genoa, Italy. If I knew [Gide’s friend, writer Maurice] Quillot better, I should have you poisoned. {5} Texts: And problems: Texte et poèmes / V / Paul Valéry. Among the celebrities who, along with Zola, took up Dreyfus’s case were Proust, the painter Claude Monet, and Anatole France. He attended school at the College de Sète, now renamed in his honor, and at the lycée of the nearby city of Montpellier. bibliotheque de la pleiade, 1960, chap. Services . In his view, thought—the mirror-like refraction of the human mind—was always an end in itself; poetry was simply a more or less desirable by-product, to be pursued as long as it stimulated the mental processes. Valéry died on July 20, 1945, at the close of France’s last 20th-century war with Germany, having been born at the conclusion of its last 19th-century one. Corriger le poème. [Louis] is completely mute. Achat Charmes - Poèmes Commentés Par Alain - 1/1010 Ex. Encantamiento. Pierre Vidal-Naquet, « Au pire de toi-même. Out of Stock. Critics have called Valéry the last French symbolist, the first post-symbolist, a masterful classical prosodist, and an advocate of logical positivism. Every beginning is a coincidence; we would have to conceive it as I don’t know what sort of contact between all and nothing. A Jeannue. On reading them, I imagined them published, but Mallarmé, when I saw him again, didn’t seem to think it desirable.” [Valéry to Gide, July 13, 1892] “[Louis] and You are beastly Semites: one of you, for having underhandedly and covered with a cloak of distance, dared to present my vague alchemies to Mallarmé, the other of you, for having dared even more, in not repeating to me textually the precious and pure panning I deserved from the Master. The exigencies of a strict prosody are the artifice which confers upon natural language the qualities of a resistant matter.”  And this, very important.” But Valéry also declared: “For him: the work. There have not been physicians to determine the relationships of these means for him; there have not been constructors of scales; no diapason, no metronome, no certitude of this kind. Paul Valéry. In 1820, at this place, a skeleton was discovered, and according to local traditions, it was thought to be the tomb of the poet [Edward] Young. Poemas famosos de Paul Valéry en español. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . He followed the Album of Old Verses with Charms (“songs” or “incantations”) in 1922, and had written his first quasi-Platonic dialogues, Eupalinos; or, The Architect (Eupalinos; ou, L`architecte) and The Soul and the Dance (L’Ame et la danse) in 1921. All joking apart, you are loathsome. Despite Mallarmé’s reservations, several of the poems were published. Indeed, his anxiety about Lust’s appeal must have been extreme, for he was unable to finish the work. Acontece o mesmo com o número dos amigos. Poèmes Commentés Les meilleurs rêves de la poésie Française Des Vers Inoubliables! Date de naissance : Le 31 Octobre 1871 à Sète Date de décès : 20 Juillet 1945 à l'âge de 73 ans Tweeter; Soumettre une texte. Personne pure, ombre divine, Almost from the beginning of the garden-scene Lust shows her love for Faust, and immediately after Faust’s great monologue, she unconsciously places her hand upon his shoulder. Valéry’s poem is, in fact, more obscure and less musical than Mallarmé’s simply because it is more purely metaphysical (one is compelled to use the term despite Valéry’s abhorrence of it as connoting a certain intellectual frivolity). Ce toit tranquille, où marchent des colombes, Entre les pins palpite, entre les tombes ; Midi le juste y compose de feux La mer, la mer, toujours recommencée Collected Works of Paul Valery, Volume 13: Aesthetics. In 1937 Valéry was appointed to the new chair in poetry at the College de France, a position he held until his death in 1945. Tes pas, enfants de mon silence, Saintement, lentement placés, Vers le lit de ma vigilance Procèdent muets et glacés. Some facts about Valéry might predict a less than faultless comportment on Valéry’s part during World War II and France’s occupation by Germany: first, he had been quietly but strongly “anti-Dreyfusard” during the famous Dreyfus affair, in which Emile Zola and others accused the French army and government of anti-Semitism in making a scapegoat of Captain Alfred Dreyfus during his 1894 trial for treason. Why the young man should have been so inspired by this circumstantial evocation of the Narcissus story is perhaps suggested by a line—“I endlessly delight in my own brain”—appearing in a poem written in 1887. Therefore every literary product is an impure product.” The relative purity of Mallarmé, “the Master,” as Valéry called him, was thus entirely congruent with and dependent on both Mallarmé’s total disregard for—indeed, ignorance of—the public taste and his consequent obscurity (no one outside of a very small Parisian circle had read his poems or knew of his existence until well into the twentieth century). During the years from 1892 to 1922, Valéry first worked as a bureaucrat in the French War Office and then as secretary to Edouard Lebey, director of the French Press Association; he attended the Tuesday evening gatherings of artists, writers, and intellectuals at the home of Mallarmé, and he married Jeannie Gobillard, a friend of Mallarmé’s daughter. He was given a state funeral in Paris and buried at the cemetery at Sète, his birthplace and the setting for “The Seaside Cemetery.”  He is undoubtedly the last French poet to write such intensely regular verse; to this extent at least his influence on later French poetry has been nil.